Chicken Coop Construction: How to Build a Predator Proof Chicken Coop
(Backyard Chickens 2017 2nd place Coop Contest Winner!)
In this article you will find:
- How we used an old shed/playhouse as the base of our chicken coop
- Ways to predator proof your chicken coop
- Chicken coop plans and ideas
Our chicken coop began its life as an old, sad, playhouse that we considered demolishing several times. When we decided to get chickens I began researching chicken coop construction. I fell in love with the idea of having an adorable and functional space for my flock. Most of the pre-fab coops you can buy online are very small and didn’t look very sturdy or predator proof. We have 20 acres of woods behind our house predator proof was a must. And so it began — turning the sad playhouse into a safe place for our hens.
As you can see the playhouse needed help. The back side and part of the floor had rotted and the roof was crumbling. And it was purple. These pictures were taken in the middle of winter when my obsession with chickens began. For the next several months I thought and planned and dreamed of spring when my Dad and I would start our big project. I perfected this sketch during that time. My main considerations were the functionality, the cost, and of course the to survive NH winters for years to come. Having to build this twice was not an option!
Step 1: Plans!
Click here for other chicken coop plans and ideas!
Finally spring came, the snow melted and we were able to start building. The first couple of days were spent moving a tree that was in the way, building the walls for the run and repairing the rotted side and floor. We built the walls for the run on the ground and then screwed them into place with 6 in deck screws. I positioned the 4×4’s 3 ft apart so I could use 36 in hardware cloth and not have to cut in lengthwise.
Step 2: Roof and Building the Run
Next step in the chicken coop construction we had to remove the old roof so we could frame the new one. I decided to use a slanted roof for two reasons. First, I wanted the front taller (8ft) so I could use a regular size screen door for the entrance to the run. Second, I decided to use metal roofing and I could order the grey panels I wanted in the exact length needed, which is a lot less cutting and cut fingers! The edges of the metal roofing are sharp!
Click here for other chicken coop plans and ideas!
Next stage in the chicken coop construction came some work on the inside. I decided to use fiberglass insulation to make the walls air tight and the hens could easily generate their own heat in the winter. Also, since the coop is in a shady spot it stays cooler inside the coop in the summer. I used shed windows I found at HomeDepot.
Step 3: Predator Proofing
Next was the tedious and exhausting task of installing the hardware cloth. I used a pneumatic stapler attached to an air compressor and concrete coated staples. This combination worked great!!! MUCH easier than a staple gun or hammering nails. I started by scraping back the top layer of dirt before placing the hardware cloth. Then I folded the coop edge at a 90 degree angle so it stayed in pace while I stapled it. I trimmed it when necessary to fit around rocks and stumps. Then I staked it down with landscaping pins, put the dirt back on top and had our landscapers put river stone all around the base of the coop/run. I have not had anything even attempt to dig under it.
Hardware cloth is very stiff and has sharp edges and is overall a nightmare to work with. Heavy gloves are a must. I’m very glad we didn’t opt for the less expensive alternative. My husband jokes and says I built the Fort Knox of chicken coops!
Next we added the metal roof, the screen door and some finishing touches including the nesting boxes and the pop door. The nesting boxes are 12x12x12in. The door in the back is low enough so my kids can go check for eggs without help. Carabineers keep the doors secure from predators. The nesting boxes are lined with peel and stick tiles for easy cleaning. I cut the pop door opening the correct size so someday I can add an automatic coop door. I left the eaves under the coop roof open for ventilation.
Click here for more chicken coop plans and ideas!
We installed paneling over the insulation so the chickens wouldn’t peck at it and it would look neater. I also used vinyl for the flooring. The roost leans inside a large “sandbox” that I scoop out every few days. Instead of sand I use sweet pdz which absorbs moisture and odors. In these pictures the box is directly on the floor but once the chickens got bigger I made 4×4 legs for it so it’s higher and off the floor. The roost can be hosed down when its dirty since it is covered with indoor/outdoor carpet. You can see I blocked off the nesting box area so the chickens wouldn’t get used to roosting or sleeping in them.
I added some branches, stumps, and an old ladder and they had a great time exploring their new home.
This chicken coop construction project was the MOST time consuming project I’ve taken on and I could not have done it without my Dad’s help and guidance In the end I would not have done much differently. I’m considering painting the coop grey to match our house this summer (I loved the yellow at first, but now I’m finding it annoying. lol). I love looking out my kitchen window and seeing the hens roosting on the branches and pecking in the dirt. And the fresh eggs make it all worth it!
For more chicken coop ideas click here!
Continue reading about chicken keeping: Chickens
Also, check out my Pinterest Board featuring more cute coops! Cute Coops on Pinterest
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This is a beautiful coop! I’ve been planning for chickens this spring, my first flock. I am enjoying your posts, and a new follower to your blog. Looking forward to following your adventures!